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继电器分类之固态继电器

来源:http://www.jntongyu.com/ 日期:2021-10-09 发布人:tongjid

固态继电器SSR是一种全部由电子器件组成的新型无触点开关器件,它利用电子元件(如开关三极管、双向可控硅等半导体器件)的开关特性,达到无触点,无火花的接通和断开电路的目的。采用光电耦合器实现输入输出之间的电气隔离。

Solid state relay SSR is a new type of contactless switching device composed of all electronic devices. It uses the switching characteristics of electronic components (such as switching triode, bidirectional thyristor and other semiconductor devices) to achieve the purpose of contactless and spark free switching on and off the circuit. Optocoupler is used to realize electrical isolation between input and output.
1、三相交流固体继电器。它集三只单相交流固态继电器为一体,以两个输入控制端对三相负载,进行直接开关切换,可方便地控制三相电机、加热器等三相负荷。
1. Three phase AC solid state relay. It integrates three single-phase AC solid-state relays, directly switches the three-phase load with two input control terminals, and can easily control the three-phase load such as three-phase motor and heater.
2、单相固体继电器。它有两个输入控制端,两个输出端。输入端加上直流或者脉冲信号到一定电流值后,输出端就从断态转为通态。
2. Single phase solid state relay. It has two input control terminals and two output terminals. After the input is added with DC or pulse signal to a certain current value, the output will change from off state to on state.
三相普通型SSR是以三只双向可控硅作为三相的输出开关触点,三相增强型是以三组反并联单向可控硅作为三相开关输出触点。电容性负载、感性负载宜选用增强型。
The three-phase common SSR uses three bidirectional thyristors as the three-phase output switch contacts, and the three-phase enhanced SSR uses three groups of anti parallel unidirectional thyristors as the three-phase switch output contacts. Capacitive load and inductive load should be enhanced type.
继电器
relay
根据使用场合又分为过零触发和随机导通型。其中过零触发型应用较多,相当于开关,射频干扰小。随机导通型,移相触发,多用于调节电压,有干扰。
According to the application occasion, it is divided into zero crossing trigger and random conduction type. Among them, zero crossing trigger is widely used, which is equivalent to switch, and the RF interference is small. Random conduction type, phase-shifting trigger, mostly used to adjust voltage, with interference.
固态继电器它有以下特点:它可以用微弱的控制信号对几十安至几百安电流的负载实施无触点的通断。现已扩展到电磁继电器无法应用的场合,如计算机终端接口,程控装置,腐蚀潮湿环境及某些防爆场所等。不足之处有导通压降,漏电流大,交直流通用性差,耐温及过载能力差。使用过程中应注意以下问题。
Solid state relay has the following characteristics: it can use weak control signal to carry out contactless on-off for loads with tens of amps to hundreds of amps. It has been extended to the occasions where electromagnetic relay can not be applied, such as computer terminal interface, program-controlled device, corrosive and humid environment and some explosion-proof places. The disadvantages include conduction voltage drop, large leakage current, poor AC and DC universality, poor temperature resistance and overload capacity. Pay attention to the following problems during use.
①合理选择额定电流,必须留有足够的余量。纯电阻负载可按大于等于负载电流的2倍选用,对于冷阻性负载(冷光卤钨灯,电感性,电容性负载及冲击大的负载,可按负载额定电流的5~7倍选用。
① If the rated current is reasonably selected, sufficient margin must be reserved. Pure resistance load can be selected as more than or equal to 2 times of load current. For cold resistance load (cold light tungsten halogen lamp, inductive load, capacitive load and load with large impact, it can be selected as 5 ~ 7 times of load rated current.
②固态继电器的发热与散热,由于其导通有压降,会产生热量。10A以上的固态继电器底板与散热器安装面涂抹导垫硅脂,输出电流大时用风扇冷却。
② The heating and heat dissipation of solid-state relay will generate heat due to the voltage drop in its conduction. The base plate of solid-state relay above 10a and the mounting surface of radiator shall be coated with guide pad silicone grease. When the output current is large, it shall be cooled by fan.
③固态继电器的过流。实际运行中负载短路极易造成继电器损坏,过流保护可选用快速熔断器或快速型断路器一般按额定电流的1.5倍选取。
③ Overcurrent of solid state relay. In actual operation, short circuit of load is very easy to cause relay damage. Quick fuse or quick circuit breaker can be selected for overcurrent protection, generally 1.5 times of rated current.
④固态继电器“触点”断开时存在一定的漏电流,使输出回路不能真正断电,注意检修安全。
④ When the "contact" of solid-state relay is disconnected, there is a certain leakage current, so that the output circuit can not be really powered off. Pay attention to maintenance safety.


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